Does Digital Media Literacy Influence Students’ Perception of Hoax?

Primardiana Hermilia Wijayati, Nur Octavi Mandasari, Rizman Usman


The purpose of this study was to find out whether there was the significant relationship between digital media literacy and students' perception of hoax. This research uses descriptive correlation methods with surveys as data collection. Respondents in this study were students of diploma, undergraduate, and graduate from 18 study programs at the Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang. This study uses surveys conducted online using the Google Form website. The data were then analyzed by using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation in SPSS software. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between the level of digital media literacy and the perception of hoaxes, and it was in the moderate correlation. Based on the review of related literature, moderate correlation was occur due to several factors such as biased thinking, easily provoked age group, and difficulties in finding accurate media agencies.


Correlation; Literacy; Digital Media; Hoax

Full Text:



Alliance for Women in Media Foundation. (2011). Special Report on Digital Literacy for Women and Girls. McLean.

Celot, P. (2015). Assessing Media Literacy Levels and the European Commission Pilot Initiative. European Association for Viewers Interest.

Dirga, R. N., & Wijayati, P. H. (2018). How can teachers assess reading skills of generation z learners in German language class? The 4th Consortium of Asia Pacific Education University (CAPEU) International Conference on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Marhematics (STEM) “Innovatiuon for Human talents.”

El Rayess Maroun, Chebl Charla, Mhanna Joseph, & Hage Re-Mi. (2018). Fake news judgement: The case of undergraduate students at Notre Dame University-Louaize, Lebanon. Reference Services Review, 46(1), 146–149.

Figueira, Á., & Oliveira, L. (2017). The current state of fake news: Challenges and opportunities. Procedia Computer Science, 121, 817–825.

Finneman, T., & Thomas, R. J. (2018). A family of falsehoods: Deception, media hoaxes and fake news. Newspaper Research Journal, 39(3), 350–361.

Geisleer, J., & Horidge, P. (2014). University Students’ Computer Knowledge and Commitment to Learning. Journal of Research in Computing in Education, 25(3), 347–365.

Hussain, A. E. (2018). A Journal of the Pacific and Asian Communication Association, 1(2), 1–21.

Jones-Jang, S. M., Mortensen, T., & Liu, J. (2019). Does Media Literacy Help Identification of Fake News? Information Literacy Helps, but Other Literacies Don’t. American Behavioral Scientist, 000276421986940.

Kovacs, K. (2020, June 4). Gen Z has a misinformation problem. Digital Content Next.

Mamedova, S., & Pawlowski, E. (2018). A Description of U.S. Adults Who Are Not Digitally Literate. Statistics in Brief.

McDougall, J., Readman, M., & Wilkinson, P. (2018). The uses of (digital) literacy. Learning, Media and Technology, 43(3), 263–279.

Molina, M. D., Sundar, S. S., Le, T., & Lee, D. (2019). “Fake News” Is Not Simply False Information: A Concept Explication and Taxonomy of Online Content. American Behavioral Scientist, 0002764219878224.

Mutka, K. A. (2011). Mapping Digital Competence: Toward Conseptual Understanding.

Rosenbaum, J., & Bonnet, J. (2020). Looking inward in an era of ‘fake news’: Addressing cognitive bias. Young Leader of the Americans Initiative.

Simons, M., Meeus, W., & T’Sas, J. (2017). Measuring Media Literacy for Media Education: Development of a Questionnaire for Teachers’ Competencies. Journal of Media Literacy Education, 9(1).

Spante, M., Sofkova Hashemi, S., Lundin, M., & Algers, A. (2018). Digital competence and digital literacy in higher education research: Systematic review of concept use. Cogent Education, 5.

Sterrett, D., Malato, D., Benz, J., Kantor, L., Tompson, T., Rosenstiel, T., Sonderman, J., & Loker, K. (2019). Who Shared It?: Deciding What News to Trust on Social Media. Digital Journalism, 7(6), 783–801.

Tim BIP. (2016). Undang-Undang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik (Jakarta Pusat). Bhuana Ilmu Populer.

Tim GDI. (2020). Global Digital Insight.

Tim IMD. (2020). IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2020 result [IMD Excecutive Education]. WorldCompetitiveness Center.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Briliant: Jurnal Riset dan Konseptual

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat

Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar