Konstruksi Identitas STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) Siswa SMA: Studi Kasus di Pembelajaran Fisika

Febi Dwi Putri, Endang Purwaningsih, Nuril Munfaridah

Abstract


STEM sangat berperan dalam kemajuan suatu negara. Pilihan minat terhadap pekerjaan di bidang STEM dipengaruhi oleh identitas STEM. Pentingnya identitas STEM ini perlu diketahui bagi instansi pendidikan untuk meningkatkan minat siswa di bidang STEM. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan konstruksi identitas STEM seorang siswa SMA yang belajar fisika dengan pedoman kurikulum merdeka. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan metode studi kasus berbentuk single case study. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara semi-terstruktur dengan satu partisipan berdasarkan teknik purposive sampling. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dikonfirmasi melalui catatan lapangan selama enam pertemuan pembelajaran fisika sebagai bentuk triangulasi data. Penelitian ini menggunakan konstruksi identitas STEM yang meliputi tiga indikator. Partisipan utama merupakan seorang siswa perempuan kelas X SMA yang memiliki kepemilikan identitas STEM kuat diantara siswa lain. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa indikator minat, rekognisi, dan performa-kompetensi mempengaruhi konstruksi identitas STEM yang dibentuk oleh siswa SMA. Peningkatan identitas STEM dapat dilakukan dengan mengoptimalkan pendekatan STEM dalam kurikulum merdeka.


Keywords


STEM; identitas STEM; pembelajaran

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.28926/briliant.v9i1.1356

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